Fact Sheet 3, Water Services Act 2021

    Key Terms under the Act

    This fact sheet is not intended to give a complete list of definitions of key terms under the Act, but rather provides a short list to help the reader understand the more important key terms in the context of the legislation.

    Drinking Water Supplier

    • A person who supplies drinking water through a drinking water supply.
    • Includes a person who ought reasonably to know that the water they are supplying is used as drinking water.
    • Includes the owner and the operator of a drinking water supply.
    • Includes a person described in paragraph (a), (b), or (c) who supplies drinking water to another drinking water supplier; but does not include a domestic self-supplier.

    Drinking Water Supply

    Means the infrastructure and processes used to abstract, store, treat, transmit, or transport drinking water for supply to consumers. Includes:

    • The point of supply.
    • Any end-point treatment device.
    • Any backflow prevention device.

    Supply Size

    • A very small supply serves less than 25 people.
    • A small supply serves 26-100 people.
    • A medium supply serves 101-500 people.
    • A large supply serves more than 500 people.

    Water Supply Categories

    • Very small communities.
    • Networked drinking water supplies.
    • Self-supplied buildings.
    • Water carrier services.
    • Water carrier supplies.
    • Community drinking water stations.
    • Varying population water supplies.
    • Temporary drinking water supplies.

    Drinking Water Supply Owners and Operator

    “Operator” means:

    • The person who operates the supply or supervises its operation or aspects of its operation.
    • Includes an organisation or individual involved in the operation of a drinking water supply if the organisation or individual is authorised or included on a register.

    “Owner” means the person who has effective control of the drinking water supply:

    • Owns drinking water infrastructure.
    • Has a long-term control of the land on which the drinking water infrastructure is based.
    • Directs or has control over decisions about the funding or maintenance of the drinking water infrastructure.
    • Collect fees, levies, or other charges from consumers in relation to the infrastructure.
    • Controls how the management of the supply is resourced (e.g., power to subcontract work).

    All New Zealanders need access to SAFE drinking water.

    Download this free guide to help understand the Reform of the Water Sector (Drinking Water) in New Zealand and the new Water Services Act 2021.